Implementing pilot projects and replicating development Initiatives in accordance with local conditions

UNICEF-BaKTI Partnership

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Collaboration for better public services

for women and children in eastern Indonesia


Poverty is a crucial factor determining inequities in child survival and development. Although the prevalence of income poverty in Indonesia has decreased since the 1997 financial crisis, the absolute number of people – including children – living under the poverty line in 2010 remains high at 31 million people. 

In 1999, Indonesia embarked on decentralization with the aim of strengthening regional autonomy, expediting public welfare development through improved service delivery, and distribution of wealth evenly across the country. Regional governments, especially districts, became responsible for delivering basic social services including health and education, alongside responsibility for public works, environment, communication, transport, agriculture, industry and trade, capital investment, land, cooperatives, manpower and infrastructure.

The challenge remains in how to translate the ambitious decentralization agenda into results for children and fulfilment of the rights of children. UNICEF aims to support sub-national governments – provinces and districts – to make decentralization work for children through improved service delivery.

One of the challenges faced by Indonesia in era of decentralization is big disparity between western and eastern Indonesia. In average, Indonesia -using health and education indicators – shows its status is not bad. However, there is a big gap between western part and eastern part of Indonesia. 

Decentralization will not result in a more citizen-oriented, efficient, and effective public sector unless capacity building is complemented by appropriate civil service reforms that allow regions to manage their personnel in a more efficient and effective manner, and provide ways to ensure a performance-orientation of civil servants. This is a sensitive area that will involve, among other things, developing conceptual inputs and support for consensus building among the stakeholders involved.

Decentralization support has to target stakeholders at both the central and the regional levels. Ways must be found to disseminate approaches and innovations horizontally to nonparticipating local governments, where appropriate, through cooperation with other development partners and use of information technology.

In a decentralized context, central governments are not always in a position to enforce policies and strategies on local governments. The development of national policies and strategies should be conducted in a way that ensures the involvement of regional stakeholders in the policy formulation process to increase the likelihood of compliance and implementation.

Decentralization, as a crosscutting issue involving a multitude of stakeholders, is a long and arduous process. Close coordination and consensus building among central government agencies, and between central and regional governments, are key prerequisites for ensuring that the decentralization process achieves its objectives.

To deal with local authority as well as local context and contents decentralized office and staff are more likely in the spool of decentralization. Moreover, addressing the needs of women and children is still a big challenge. The problems and challenges facing humanity are global but occur and have to be dealt with at the local level. Women have the equal right to freedom from poverty, discrimination, environmental degradation and insecurity.


Since 2012, Yayasan BaKTI has established formal cooperation with UNICEF under Small Scale Funding Agreement (SSFA) on Knowledge Management. It has been proven that the cooperation has benefited both BaKTI and UNICEF in terms of strengthening the capacity of the organizations as well as in supporting the effort to disseminate smart practices performed by local partners in Eastern Indonesia. Given the mutual interests of both organizations, the collaboration need to be expanded into a more strategic partnership under the framework of Programme Cooperation Agreement (PCA), with agreed programs for the period of July 2014 to July 2015. The PCA covers 7 provinces in eastern Indonesia: South Sulawesi, West Sulawesi, Maluku, North Maluku, East Nusa Tenggara (NTT), Papua and West Papua

The key strategy is the Human Rights Bases Approach to programming with meaningful participation of the right holders in programming, implementation and monitoring of the health interventions.

The program cooperation will focus on the following strategies

1.      Advocacy for better policy and planning and adoption of appropriate strategies to realise the rights of women and children in Papua. This includes working closely with the sub-district level health system on micro planning to reach the hard to reach population, at district level on evidence based planning and budgeting as well as provide technical support in translation of various national guideline sand strategies on maternal and child health and WASH for local context and at the province level support in the development of key policy documents like renstra, renja , various action plans

2.      Build capacity of service providers at health facility level, district level and province level on maternal child health and WASH programming through training, on-site coaching and mentoring

3.      Provide technical assistance and support initiation of demonstration project to strengthen maternal and child health situation with an aim of future scale up

4.      Support the province and district teams on real time and periodic monitoring of implementation of health programs as well as joint monitoring and other periodic monitoring

5.      Enhance coordination and partnership among health partners in Papua to harmonize support in the province

6.      Support to strengthen the decentralization system related to maternal and child health and if required in case of emergencies with emergency response.

7.      Facilitate capacity building for BaKTI internal staff and sub national counterparts in 7 provinces. This capacity building will cover specific knowledge and skills that will support the implementation of programmes, policy advocacy on integrating child rights issues in general;

8.      Document and disseminate smart/promising practices derived from the implementation of programmes through conference/seminar, publication and distribution of research report, policy paper, working paper, newsletter, and policy briefs, and organizing various dissemination events.

This program of cooperation advances women’s empowerment and gender equality in all aspects of its activities. It will adhere to all government policies and regulations in relation to gender mainstreaming. The programme will ensure gender-responsive inputs are incorporated into guidelines, development policies and projects supported by the programme.

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